The steps are these:
learning of the strategy.
Scaffolding the learning of a writing strategy means helping students
to try the strategy with teacher assistance. This is best done in a
writing workshop. The workshop setting is ideal for giving varying degrees
of assistance according to individual needs. It is also ideal for conferring
with individuals and for setting up partnerships and peer groups so
that students can assist each other in the learning of strategies. Even
when a writing workshop is not used, some amount of in-class writing
with teacher assistance is necessary to make sure that writers practice
using the strategy being taught.
Repeated practice and reinforcement.
Helping students to work toward independent mastery of the strategy
through repeated practice and reinforcement means giving them opportunities
to use the strategy many times with decreasing amounts of assistance
each time. The idea here is that it is better to teach a few key writing
strategies well than it is to teach many of them insufficiently. Students
value and master the things we have them do repeatedly. In a way, this
gets back to identifying strategies worth teaching -- look for ones
that are crucial to writing processes, such as strategies for planning
particular types of writing, or for structuring texts certain ways.
Then model, practice and repeat.